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APA Citation Guide (6th edition): Statistics

This guide shows you how to cite using APA 6th edition

Tips

Author

Most Statistics Canada documents will have the author as Statistics Canada. This is considered a group or corporate author.

When the government department, agency or committee that created the document is also the publisher, put the word Author where you'd normally put the name of the publisher in the full citation.

Publisher

Because the author and publisher are both Statistics Canada, the word Author is used where you'd normally put the Publisher's name.

Formatting

Note: All citations should be double spaced and have a hanging indent in a Reference List.

A "hanging indent" means that each subsequent line after the first line of your citation should be indented by 0.5 inches.

Statistics Canada - Online Document

Statistics Canada. (Year of Publication). Title of document: Subtitle if given (No. Report Number if given). Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxxx

NoteBecause the publisher and author are both Statistics Canada, you do not need to identify Statistics Canada as part of the retrieval statement.

Example

Statistics Canada. (2007). Comparative level of GDP per capita in Canada and the United States: A decomposition into labour productivity and work intensity differences (No. 15-206-XIE-No.008). Retrieved from http://dsp-psd.pwgsc.gc.ca/Collection/Statcan/15-206-XIE/15-206-XIE2007008.pdf

Note: Because the publisher and author are both Statistics Canada, you do not need to identify Statistics Canada as part of the retrieval statement.

In-Text Paraphrase

(Statistics Canada, Year)

Example: (Statistics Canada, 2007)

In-Text Quote

(Statistics Canada, Year, p. Page Number)

Example: (Statistics Canada, 2007, p. 5)

Statistics Canada - Print Document

Statistics Canada. (Year of Publication). Title of document: Subtitle if given (No. Report Number if given). Ottawa: ON: Author.

Note: Because the author and publisher are both Statistics Canada, the word Author is used where you'd normally put the Publisher's name.

Example

Statistics Canada. (2008). Aboriginal children's survey, 2006: Concepts and methods guide (No. 89-634-X - No. 006). Ottawa, ON: Author.

Note: Because the author and publisher are both Statistics Canada, the word Author is used where you'd normally put the Publisher's name.

In-Text Paraphrase

(Statistics Canada, Year)

Example: (Statistics Canada, 2008)

In-Text Quote

(Statistics Canada, Year, p. Page Number)

(Statistics Canada, 2008, p. 11)

Authored report, from nongovernmental organization

Author, A.A. (Year of Publication). Title of document: Subtitle if given (No. Report Number if given). Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxxx

NoteIf the author and publisher are different people/organizations, then you should include a note about the publisher in the Retrieved from statement: Retrieved from Agency Name website: http://www.xxxxxx

Example

Routley, N. (2017). Map: Internet censorship around the world. Retrieved from Visual Capitalist website: http://www.visualcapitalist.com/internet-censorship-map/ 

Note: Because the publisher and author are different, you need to identify Visual Capitalist as part of the retrieval statement.

In-Text Paraphrase

(Author's Last Name, Year)

Example: (Routley, 2017)

In-Text Quote

(Author's Last Name, Year, p. page number or section name and paragraph number)

Example: (Routley, 2017, para. 5)

Corporate author, from nongovernmental organization

Corporate Author Name. (Year of Publication). Title of document: Subtitle if given (No. Report Number if given). Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxxx

NoteIf the author and publisher are different people/organizations, then you should include a note about the publisher in the Retrieved from statement: Retrieved from Agency Name website: http://www.xxxxxx

Example

WITS - UNSD Comtrade. (2017). United States monthly trade data 2015. Retrieved from World Integrated Trade Solution website: http://wits.worldbank.org/trade-data/visualization/en/country/USA/year/2015/monthly 

Note: Because the publisher and author are different, you need to identify World Integrated Trade Solution as part of the retrieval statement.

In-Text Paraphrase

(Corporate Author Name, Year)

Example: (WITS - UNSD Comtrade, 2017)

Statistics from Statista

Corporate Author Name. (Year of Publication). Title of document: Subtitle if given. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxxx

NoteIf the author and publisher are different people/organizations, then you should include a note about the publisher in the Retrieved from statement: Retrieved from Agency Name website: http://www.xxxxxx

Example

UNWTO. (2018). Number of international tourist arrivals worldwide from 2005 to 2017, by region (in millions). Retrieved from Statista: https://www.statista.com/statistics/186743/international-tourist-arrivals-worldwide-by-region-since-2005/ 

Note: Because the publisher and author are different, you need to identify Statista as part of the retrieval statement.

In-Text
Paraphrase
 

(Corporate Author Name, Year)

 Example: (UNWTO, 2018)

   

Statistics from the International Population Database

Corporate Author Name. (Year of Publication). Title of data set: Subtitle if given [Data set]. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxxx

Note: If the author and publisher are different people/organizations, then you should include a note about the publisher in the Retrieved from statement: Retrieved from Agency Name website: http://www.xxxxxx

Example

United States Census Bureau, International Programs. (2018). Demographic Overview - Custom Region - Albania, Demographic Indicators 1995 to 2025 [Data set]. Retrieved from https://www.census.gov/data-tools/demo/idb/region.php?N=%20Results%20&T=13&A=separate&RT=0&Y=2015&R=-1&C=AL

In-Text
Paraphrase
 

(Corporate Author Name, Year)

 Example: (U.S. Census Bureau, International Programs, 2018.)