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APA Citation Guide (7th edition) : Statistics

This guide shows you how to cite using APA 7th edition

Tips

Author

Most Statistics Canada documents will have the author as Statistics Canada. This is considered a group or corporate author.

When the government department, agency or committee that created the document is also the publisher, omit the publisher information from the citation to avoid repetition.

Publisher

Because the author and publisher are both Statistics Canada, the publisher's name is omitted from the citation.

Formatting

Note: All citations should be double spaced and have a hanging indent in a Reference List.

A "hanging indent" means that each subsequent line after the first line of your citation should be indented by 0.5 inches.

Statistics Canada - Online Document

Statistics Canada. (Year of Publication). Title of document: Subtitle if given (No. Report Number if given). URL

NoteBecause the publisher and author are both Statistics Canada, you do not need to identify Statistics Canada as part of the retrieval statement.

Example

Statistics Canada. (2007). Comparative level of GDP per capita in Canada and the United States: A decomposition into labour productivity and work intensity differences (No. 15-206-XIE-No.008). http://dsp-psd.pwgsc.gc.ca/Collection/Statcan/15-206-XIE/15-206-XIE2007008.pdf

In-Text Paraphrase

(Statistics Canada, Year)

Example: (Statistics Canada, 2007)

In-Text Quote

(Statistics Canada, Year, p. Page Number)

Example: (Statistics Canada, 2007, p. 5)

Statistics Canada - Print Document

Statistics Canada. (Year of Publication). Title of document: Subtitle if given (No. Report Number if given). Ottawa: ON.

Note: Because the author and publisher are both Statistics Canada, the publisher's name is omitted from the citation.

Example

Statistics Canada. (2008). Aboriginal children's survey, 2006: Concepts and methods guide (No. 89-634-X - No. 006). Ottawa, ON.

In-Text Paraphrase

(Statistics Canada, Year)

Example: (Statistics Canada, 2008)

In-Text Quote

(Statistics Canada, Year, p. Page Number)

(Statistics Canada, 2008, p. 11)

Authored report, from nongovernmental organization

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial if Given. (Year of Publication). Title of document: Subtitle if given (No. Report Number if given). URL

NoteIf the author and publisher are different people/organizations, then you should include the publishing organization before the url: Agency Name. http://www.xxxxxx

Example

Routley, N. (2017). Map: Internet censorship around the world. Visual Capitalist. http://www.visualcapitalist.com/internet-censorship-map/ 

Note: Because the publisher and author are different, you need to identify Visual Capitalist as part of the source element.

In-Text Paraphrase

(Author's Last Name, Year)

Example: (Routley, 2017)

In-Text Quote

(Author's Last Name, Year, p. page number or section name and paragraph number)

Example: (Routley, 2017, para. 5)

Corporate author, from nongovernmental organization

Corporate Author Name. (Year of Publication). Title of document: Subtitle if given (No. Report Number if given). URL

NoteIf the author and publisher are different organizations, then you should include the publishing organization before the URL: Agency Name. http://www.xxxxxx

Example

WITS - UNSD Comtrade. (2017). United States monthly trade data 2015. World Integrated Trade Solution. http://wits.worldbank.org/trade-data/visualization/en/country/USA/year/2015/monthly 

Note: Because the publisher and author are different, you need to identify World Integrated Trade Solution as part of the source element.

In-Text Paraphrase

(Corporate Author Name, Year)

Example: (WITS - UNSD Comtrade, 2017)

Statistics from Statista

Corporate Author Name. (Year of Publication). Title of document: Subtitle if given. URL

NoteIf the author and publisher are different people/organizations, then you should include the publishing organization before the URL: Agency Name. http://www.xxxxxx

Example

UNWTO. (2018). Number of international tourist arrivals worldwide from 2005 to 2017, by region (in millions). Statista. https://www.statista.com/statistics/186743/international-tourist-arrivals-worldwide-by-region-since-2005/ 

Note: Because the publisher and author are different, you need to identify Statista as part of the source element.

In-Text
Paraphrase
 

(Corporate Author Name, Year)

 Example: (UNWTO, 2018)

   

Statistics from the International Population Database

Corporate Author Name. (Year of Publication). Title of data set: Subtitle if given [Data set]. URL

Note: If the author and publisher are different people/organizations, then you should include the publisher before the url: Agency Name. http://www.xxxxxx

Example

United States Census Bureau, International Programs. (2018). Demographic Overview - Custom Region - Albania, Demographic Indicators 1995 to 2025 [Data set]. https://www.census.gov/data-tools/demo/idb/region.php?N=%20Results%20&T=13&A=separate&RT=0&Y=2015&R=-1&C=AL

In-Text
Paraphrase
 

(Corporate Author Name, Year)

 Example: (U.S. Census Bureau, International Programs, 2018.)