For your assignment, you may be given a broad topic. In some courses, you will be asked to come up with your own topic.
Read course readings, slides, and lecture notes and see if anything stood out as particularly interesting
Do some pre-research reading. See if you can find additional information on your potential topic using the internet, books, or articles.
Think about what issues matter to you. Look at the news. Are there any current events you are interested in incorporating into your research paper?
Is there an issue you've discussed in class you'd like to learn more about?
Do you have strong opinions on a controversy or event that would be worth exploring more?
The first topic you choose might not be the one you write about for your paper. That's OK! Before you get locked into a topic, make sure to spend a bit of time testing it. This means searching for sources on your topic to make sure enough has been written about it. To learn more, watch the video below by NCSU Libraries.
Once you have selected a topic to focus on or have been given a topic, you will need to focus your topic.
For a short paper of 1000-2500 words, you will need to choose a narrow topic.
You topic is too broad if:
You find dozens of books on it
It's difficult to write a thesis statement
You can't squeeze everything you want to discuss into the word limit
For example, perhaps your broad topic is the effects of racial profiling. Brainstorm:
Who: Black men, First Nations, Muslims
What effects or aspect of your topic are you interested in? Ex: employment, self-esteem, education, incarceration
Where: United States? Canada? India?
When: Present time, historical perspective, 1990s?
By selecting from the above, we could narrow our topic of "racial profiling" to a more specific research question. For example:
What are the effects racial profiling has on the employment of black men in the United States?
What are the effects racial profiling has on the incarceration rates of First Nations individuals in Canada?
Interesting research questions ask why or how, rather than what. We can easily turn our questions into why or how questions. For example:
How does racial profiling effect the employment opportunities of black men in the United States?