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GEOG 100: Course Guide (Gosia): Citing Sources

This course guide is intended to help students in Gosia Bryja's GEOG 100 class with their research.

Citation Guides

The library's online citation guides are full of examples that show you how to cite sources. Select only 1 style to follow for your assignment.

Plagiarism Tutorial

Learn more about using sources in your assignments. 

Citing Websites

Page on a Website Created by an Organization/Company

 "Title of Section." Title of Website, Publisher or Sponsoring Organization, Date of publication or last modified date, URL. Accessed access date.

Works Cited List Example

"Audit and Assurance." Chartered Professional Accountants Canada, 2016, www.cpacanada.ca/en/business-and-accounting-resources/audit-and-assurance. Accessed 6 July 2016.

In-Text Citation Example

("Title of Section")

("Audit and Assurance")


Page on a Website with a Known Author

Author's Last Name, First Name. "Title of Page or Document." Title of Website, Name of Organization Affiliated with the Website, Date of copyright or date last modified/updated, URL. Accessed access date.

Works Cited List Example

Poncelet, Barbara. "Mom Am I Fat?: Helping Your Teen Have a Positive Body Image." Verywell.com, About Inc., 20 Apr. 2016, www.verywell.com/mom-am-i-fat-3200843. Accessed 7 July 2016.

In-Text Citation Example

(Author's Last Name)

(Poncelet)

Page on a Website with no Known Author

"Title of Page or Document." Title of Website, Name of Organization Affiliated with the Website, Date of copyright or date last modified/updated, URL. Accessed access date.

 Note: Date of access is now optional in MLA 8th edition. If no publication date is included, we recommend including the date you last accessed the site. 

Works Cited List Example

"How to Teach Yourself Guitar." eHow, Demand Media, www.ehow.com/how_5298173_teach-yourself-guitar.html. Accessed 24 June 2016.

Note: The above example has no copyright/last updated date. The date of access is  crucial if the source has no date specifying when it was produced or published.

In-Text Citation Example

("Title of Page or Document")

("How to Teach Yourself Guitar")

Note: There is no author, so the title (or an abbreviated version of the title) is used in the in-text citation, in quotation marks, as it appears in the Works Cited List Example above.

Page on a Website Created by an Organization/Company

Corporation/Group/Organization's Name. (Year website was last updated/published, Month Day if given). Title of page: Subtitle (if any). Retrieved Month Day,Year site was last viewed (if content is likely to change over time), from URL

If the content could change over time, include the Month Day, Year you viewed the site after the word "Retrieved" and before the words "from URL"

Example

Canadian Cancer Society. (2013). Cancer research. Retrieved May 13, 2013, from http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-101/cancer-research/?region=on

Note: As this content is likely to change over time, the date the website was viewed was included in the retrieval information.

In-Text Paraphrase

(Corporation/Group's Name, Year)

Example: (Canadian Cancer Society, 2013)

In-Text Quote

(Corporation/Group's Name, year, Section Name section, para. Paragraph Number if more than one paragraph in section)

Example: (Canadian Cancer Society, 2013, Behavioural research section, para. 2)

Note: When there are no visible page numbers or paragraph numbers, you may cite the section heading and the number of the paragraph in that section to identify where your quote came from.

Page on a Website with a Known Author

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial if Given. (Year website was last updated/published, Month Day if given). Title of page: Subtitle (if any). Retrieved Month Day,Year site was last viewed (if content is likely to change over time), from URL

If the content could change over time, include the Month Day, Year you viewed the site after the word "Retrieved" and before the words "from URL"

Example

Williamson, J. (2018). Canada: Business culture. Retrieved February 17, 2018, from http://www.globalroadwarrior.com/#mode=country&regionId=27&uri=country-content&nid=13.08&key=country-attire

Note: As this content is likely to change over time, the date the website was viewed was included in the retrieval information.

In-Text Paraphrase

(Author Last Name, Year)

Example: (Williamson, 2018)

In-Text Quote

(Author Last Name, Year, Section Name section, para. Paragraph Number if more than one paragraph in section)

Example: (Williamson, 2018, Attire: Climate and region section, para. 2)

Note: When there are no visible page numbers or paragraph numbers, you may cite the section heading and the number of the paragraph in that section to identify where your quote came from.

Page on a Website with no Known Author

Title of page: Subtitle (if any). (Year website was last updated/published, Month Day if given). Retrieved Month Day,Year site was last viewed (if content is likely to change over time), from URL

If the content could change over time, include the Month Day, Year you viewed the site after the word "Retrieved" and before the words "from URL"

Example

Canada: Education structure. (2018). Retrieved February 17, 2018, from http://www.globalroadwarrior.com/#mode=country&regionId=27&uri=country-content&nid=62.18&key=country-ed-structure

Note: As this content is likely to change over time, the date the website was viewed was included in the retrieval information.

In-Text Paraphrase

("Title," Year)

Example: ("Canada," 2018)

In-Text Quote

("Title," Year, Section Name section, para. Paragraph Number if more than one paragraph in section)

Example: ("Canada," 2018, Grading system)

Note: When there are no visible page numbers or paragraph numbers, you may cite the section heading and the number of the paragraph in that section to identify where your quote came from.