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Real vs. Fake News: Detecting lies, hoaxes and clickbait

About this Guide

This guide is intended to help you spot misleading, inaccurate and satirical "news" sites online, and provides tools for evaluating information you find online.

Use the tabs to navigate to different pages. 

Fake News in the News

Check out these articles and podcasts for more information on fake news:

How Do Search Engines and Social Media Sites Aid the Proliferation of Fake and Biased News?

Clickbait fuels the dissemination of fake news and filter bubbles (or “echo chambers”) that create a lack of variety in the information and ideas to which individuals are exposed.

What is Clickbait?

Oxford Living Dictionaries defines clickbait as “(on the Internet) content, especially that of a sensational or provocative nature, whose main purpose is to attract attention and draw visitors to a particular web page.”

What are Filter Bubbles?

A filter bubble or echo chamber is the result of website algorithms designed to determine which content you want to see and which you don’t, based on your past behavior and other information about you. Over time, the web content you see represents an increasingly narrow range of information and ideas, and you are exposed to fewer and fewer experiences, ideologies, and perspectives that differ from yours.

For more information about echo chambers and filter bubbles, watch this TED Talk by Eli Pariser: