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CRIM 203 (Historical Perspectives in Criminal Justice) Course Guide: APA Citation Style

This guide helps you find ebooks and online resources, including primary sources, as you get started with your research. For additional help finding sources, ask a librarian!

Interpreting Citations

Book (entire)

Works Cited

Bales, Kevin. Blood and Earth: Modern Slavery, Ecocide, and the Secret to Saving the World. Spiegel & Grau, 2016.

Author: Kevin Bales
Title: Blood and Earth: Modern Slavery, Ecocide, and the Secret to Saving the World
Publisher Spiegel & Grau
Date of publication: 2016

Clues that this citation is for an entire book:

  • Contains only one title
  • Includes the name of a publishing company: Spiegel & Grau

Journal article

References

Aydarova, O. (2015). Global discourses and local responses: A dialogic perspective on educational reforms in the Russian Federation. European Education, 47(4), 331-345. doi:10.1080/10564934.2015.1107375

Author O. Aydarova
Date published 2015
Title Global discourses and local responses: A dialogic perspective on educational reforms in the Russian Federation
Journal title European Education
Volume & Issue 47(4)  - Volume 47, Issue 4
Pages 331-345
doi: 10.1080/10564934.2015.1107375

Clues that this is a journal article:

  • Contains the title of the article, sometimes in quotation marks, depending on the citation style.
  • Contains another title, the title of the journal, newspaper, or magazine in which the article appears, often underlined or in italics: European Education
  • Contains a volume and, sometimes, an issue number: 45. 1, or 45(1)
  • The date is sometimes a year, sometimes month and year, sometimes season (example: Spring) and year.
  • Contains page numbers
  • Online articles often have a unique doi, or digital object identifier

Newspaper Article

References

Authier, P. (2016, Nov 02). Quebec tightens rules for spying on journalists; press freedom is fundamental, premier says. The Vancouver Sun. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1835481852?accountid=132048

Author P. Authier
Date November 2, 2016
Title Quebec tightens rules for spying on journalists; press freedom is fundamental, premier says
Title of newspaper The Vancouver Sun

Clues that this is a newspaper article: 

  • Like journal articles, it contains both the title of the article and the title of the publication. In some citation styles, the title of the article appears in quotation marks.
  • Unlike journal articles, the date includes the month and day in addition to the year
  • Some include section numbers as part of the page numbers (e.g. A6, B4)

How Do I Cite?

Use the college library's APA guide to make sure your citations are properly formatted. Have questions about citing, paraphrasing, plagiarism, or working with sources? Ask A Librarian!

Columbia College Library APA Citation Guide