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MLA Citation Guide (8th Edition): Videos & DVDs

This guide shows you how to cite using MLA 8th edition

Formatting

Note: For your Works Cited list, all citations should be double spaced and have a hanging indent.

A "hanging indent" means that each subsequent line after the first line of your citation should be indented by 0.5 inches.

Tips

Who to Credit - DVD or Film

Many people can be involved in the production of a video and not all need to be listed in the citation. To clarify what role the person has in the production, precede each name (or each group of names, if more than one person performed the same function) with a description of the role. Common contributor roles that can be included in the citation include

  • directed by
  • performance by
  • created by 
  • narrated by
  • edited by

Who to Credit - Streaming Video from a Website

For videos from websites such as YouTube or Vimeo, credit the person who posted the content. If a real name is provided, use it. If the real name of the person who posted the content is not known, use their user name.

Abbreviating Months

In your works cited list, abbreviate months as follows: 

January = Jan.
February = Feb.
March = Mar.
April = Apr.
May = May
June = June
July = July
August = Aug.
September = Sept.
October = Oct.
November = Nov.
December = Dec.

Spell out months fully in the body of your paper. 

Streaming Video From a Website (YouTube, Vimeo, etc.) - Creator name or user name known

 "Title of Video." Title of the Hosting Website, uploaded by First Name Last Name of video creator or Username of Creator, Day Month Year of Publication, URL of video. Accessed Day Month Year video was viewed.

 Note: Date of access is now optional in MLA 8th edition. If no publication date is included, we recommend including the date you last accessed the site (MLA Handbook, p. 53).

Works Cited List Example

"How to Write a Winning Resume, With Ramit Sethi." YouTube, uploaded by Ramit Sethi, 23 June 2015, www.youtube.com/watch?v=_0fjkKCsM1w. Accessed 28 June 2016.

In-Text Citation Example

("Words from Title" Start Time of Revelant Section-End Time of Section)

("How to Write" 00:03:30-00:04:16)

 Note: Cite the relevant hour, minute and seconds as displayed in your media player.

For more information on citing videos found online, check out the MLA website

Streaming Video From a Library Database (Criterion, NFB Campus)

Title of Video. Contributor(s), Publisher/Production Company, Date. Title of Library Database.

 Note: Typically films, television episodes, and other performances have many contributors. After the movie title, list the contributors most relevant to your project after the move title. Most common contributors listed include directors, creators, and performers.  

Works Cited List Example

Ready Player One. Directed by Steven Spielberg, Warner Bros., 2018. Criterion.

In-text Citation Example

(Words From Title Start Time of Relevant Section-End Time of Section)

(Ready 02:05:01-02:06:12)

 Note: The title of the film is in italics in the in-text citation because that is how it appears in the Works Cited List.

 Note: Cite the relevant hour, minute and seconds as displayed in your media player.

Learn more: See the MLA Handbook, pp. 24, 28, 30, 33, 38, 43-44, and 57.

DVD or Film

Title of Movie. Contributor(s). Publisher/Production Company, Year of Release. 

 Note: Typically films, television episodes, and other performances have many contributors. After the movie title, list the contributors most relevant to your project after the move title. Most common contributors listed include directors, creators, and performers.  

Works Cited List Example

The Usual Suspects. Directed by Bryan Singer, performances by Kevin Spacey, Gabriel Byrne, Chazz Palminteri, Stephen Baldwin, and Benicio Del Toro. Polygram, 1995. 

In-Text Citation Example

(Title of Movie Start Time of Relevant Section-End Time of Section)

(The Usual Suspects 01:15:15-01:20:03)

Note: The title of the film is in italics in the in-text citation because that is how it appears in the Works Cited List Example.

 Note: Cite the relevant hour, minute and seconds as displayed in your media player.

Learn more: See the MLA Handbook, pp. 24, 28, 30, 33, 38, 43-44, and 57.

Television Series Episode

"Title of Episode." Title of TV Series, Contributors Name(s), season, episode,  Production Company, Year of Release. 

Note: Typically films, television episodes, and other performances have many contributors. After the movie title, list the contributors most relevant to your project after the move title. Most common contributors listed include directors, creators, and performers.  

Note: Seasons of a television series are usually numbered in sequence, as are the episodes. Both numbers should be included in the works cited list if available.

Works Cited List Example

"The One Where Chandler Can't Cry." Friends, created by Marta Kauffman, performance by Matthew Perry, season 6, episode 14, Warner Brothers, 2004. 

In-Text Citation Example

("Title of Episode" Start Time of Relevant Section-End Time of Section)

("The One Where Chandler" 00:14:56-00:15:33)

Note: The title of the episode is in quotation marks in the in-text citation because that is how it appears in the Works Cited List Example.

Note: Cite the relevant hour, minute and seconds as displayed in your media player.

Learn more: See the MLA Handbook, pp. 24, 28, 30, 33, 38, 43-44, and 57.

Television Series Episode from a Streaming Video Service (e.g. Netflix, Hulu, Amazon Prime, etc)

"Title of Episode." Title of TV Series, Contributors Name(s), season, episode,  Production Company, Year of Release, Name of Streaming Service

Note: Typically films, television episodes, and other performances have many contributors. After the movie title, list the contributors most relevant to your project after the move title. Most common contributors listed include directors, creators, and performers.  

Note: Seasons of a television series are usually numbered in sequence, as are the episodes. Both numbers should be included in the works cited list if available.

Works Cited List Example

"The Gathering." Outlander, developed by Ronald D. Moore, performances by Caitriona Balfe and Sam Heughan, season 1, episode 4, Left Bank Picture/Sony Pictures Television Production, 2014. Netflix.

In-Text Citation Example

("Title of Episode" Start Time of Relevant Section-End Time of Section)

("The Gathering" 00:05:34-00:05:56)

Note: The title of the episode is in quotation marks in the in-text citation because that is how it appears in the Works Cited List Example.

 Note: Cite the relevant hour, minute and seconds as displayed in your media player.