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APA Citation Guide (6th edition): Websites

This guide shows you how to cite using APA 6th edition

Formatting

Note: All citations should be double spaced and have a hanging indent in a Reference List.

A "hanging indent" means that each subsequent line after the first line of your citation should be indented by 0.5 inches.

On The Web But Not a Website?

Be careful! Just because you found something on the web, it doesn’t mean you are citing a website.

Look at the material closely – is it a journal article? A newspaper article? An encyclopedia? An eBook? Use the format that best describes the item.

Tips

Author

It can sometimes be difficult to find out who the author of a website is. Remember that an author can be a corporation or group, not only a specific person. Author information can sometimes be found under an "About" section on a website.

If there is no known author, start the citation with the title of the website instead.

Date

The best date to use for a website is the date that the content was last updated. Otherwise look for a copyright or original publication date. Unfortunately this information may not be provided or may be hard to find. Often date information is put on the bottom of the pages of a website.

If you do not know the complete date, put as much information as you can find. For example you may have a year but no month or day.

If there is no date provided, put the letters (n.d.) in round brackets where you'd normally put the date.

Title

Titles should be italicized when the document stands alone (e.g. books, reports, websites, etc.), but not when it is part of a greater whole (e.g. chapters, articles, webpages, etc.).

Retrieval Date

If the content of a website is likely to change over time (e.g. Wikis), you must provide the date you last visited the website.

Long URLs

If a URL is too long to fit onto one line, try to break it at a slash (/).

Page or Section from a Website Created by a Corporate or Group Author

Corporation/Group/Organization's Name. (Year website was last updated/published, Month Day if given). Title of page: Subtitle (if any). Retrieved Month Day,Year site was last viewed (if content is likely to change over time), from URL

If the content could change over time, include the Month Day, Year you viewed the site after the word "Retrieved" and before the words "from URL"

Example

Canadian Cancer Society. (2013). Cancer research. Retrieved May 13, 2013, from http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-101/cancer-research/?region=on

Note: As this content is likely to change over time, the date the website was viewed was included in the retrieval information.

In-Text Paraphrase

(Corporation/Group's Name, Year)

Example: (Canadian Cancer Society, 2013)

In-Text Quote

(Corporation/Group's Name, year, Section Name section, para. Paragraph Number if more than one paragraph in section)

Example: (Canadian Cancer Society, 2013, Behavioural research section, para. 2)

Note: When there are no visible page numbers or paragraph numbers, you may cite the section heading and the number of the paragraph in that section to identify where your quote came from.

Page or Section from a Website Created by an Individual Author

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial if Given. (Year website was last updated/published, Month Day if given). Title of page: Subtitle (if any). Retrieved Month Day, Year site was last viewed (if content is likely to change over time), from URL

If the content could change over time, include the Month Day, Year you viewed the site after the word "Retrieved" and before the words "from URL"

Example

Williamson, J. (2018). Canada: Business culture. Retrieved February 17, 2018, from http://www.globalroadwarrior.com/#mode=country&regionId=27&uri=country-content&nid=13.08&key=country-attire

Note: As this content is likely to change over time, the date the website was viewed was included in the retrieval information.

In-Text Paraphrase

(Author Last Name, Year)

Example: (Williamson, 2018)

In-Text Quote

(Author Last Name, Year, Section Name section, para. Paragraph Number if more than one paragraph in section)

Example: (Williamson, 2018, Attire: Climate and region section, para. 2)

Note: When there are no visible page numbers or paragraph numbers, you may cite the section heading and the number of the paragraph in that section to identify where your quote came from.

Page or Section from a Website with an Unknown Author

Title of page: Subtitle (if any). (Year website was last updated/published, Month Day if given). Retrieved Month Day,Year site was last viewed (if content is likely to change over time), from URL

If the content could change over time, include the Month Day, Year you viewed the site after the word "Retrieved" and before the words "from URL"

Example

Canada: Education structure. (2018). Retrieved February 17, 2018, from http://www.globalroadwarrior.com/#mode=country&regionId=27&uri=country-content&nid=62.18&key=country-ed-structure

Note: As this content is likely to change over time, the date the website was viewed was included in the retrieval information.

In-Text Paraphrase

("Title," Year)

Example: ("Canada," 2018)

In-Text Quote

("Title," Year, Section Name section, para. Paragraph Number if more than one paragraph in section)

Example: ("Canada," 2018, Grading system)

Note: When there are no visible page numbers or paragraph numbers, you may cite the section heading and the number of the paragraph in that section to identify where your quote came from. In this example, there is only one paragraph under the specific heading, so no paragraph number is needed.

Report or Document from a Website – Corporate or Group Author

Corporation/Group/Organization's Name. (Year report was last updated/published, Month Day if given). Title of report: Subtitle if given (Pub. No. Publication Number if given). Retrieved Month Day,Year site was last viewed (if content is likely to change over time), from URL

If the content could change over time, include the Month Day, Year you viewed the site after the word "Retrieved" and before the words "from URL"

Example

College of Nurses of Ontario. (2009). Practice standard: Ethics (Pub. No. 41034). Retrieved February 14, 2016, from http://www.cno.org/docs/prac/41034_Ethics.pdf

Note: Because there is a publication number it is included in the citation after the title. If there was a chapter or section number, it would be included in the same place as the publication number as (Chapter xx) or (Section xx).

This document is unlikely to change over time so no retrieval date is required. Likely a brand new document with a new URL would take its place.

In-Text Paraphrase

(Corporation/Group's Name, Year)

Example: (College of Nurses of Ontario, 2009)

In-Text Quote

(Corporation/Group's Name, Year, p. Page Number)

Example: (College of Nurses of Ontario, 2009, p. 4)

Government Document From a Website

Name of Government Department, Agency or Committee. (Year of Publication, Month Day). Title of document: Subtitle if given (edition if given and is not first edition). Retrieved Month Day, Year that you last viewed the website, from url

Example

Ontario Ministry of Children and Youth Services. (2010, April 27). Your preschool child's speech and language development. Retrieved April 1, 2013, from http://www.children.gov.on.ca/htdocs/English/topics/earlychildhood/ speechlanguage/brochure_preschool.aspx

In-Text Paraphrase

(Name of Government Department, Agency or Committee, Year)

Example: (Ontario Ministry of Children and Youth Services, 2010)

In-Text Quote

(Name of Government Department, Agency or Committee, Year, Section Name section, para. Paragraph Number if more than one paragraph in section)

(Ontario Ministry of Children and Youth Services, 2010, By Age Five section, para. 4)

Note: When there are no visible page numbers or paragraph numbers, you may cite the section heading and the number of the paragraph in that section to identify where your quote came from.

Blog Post

Author's Last Name, First intial. Second Initial if Given. or Username if real name not provided. (Year blog post was published, Month Day). Title of blog post [Web log post]. Retrieved from URL.

Example

Dobbs, D. (2012, June 13). Fun in cities: Feature, not bug [Web log post]. Retrieved from http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2012/06/fun-in-cities-feature-not-bug/

Note: If the blog author's real name is not provided, use their username instead.

In-Text Paraphrase

(Author's Last Name, Year)

Example: (Dobbs, 2012)

In-Text Quote

(Author's Last Name, Year, Section Heading section if given)

Example: (Dobbs, 2012)

Note: This blog post has no page numbers, paragraph numbers or section headings so this information is left out of the in-text citation.

Wikipedia

Title of entry. (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved Month Day, Year that website was viewed, from URL for entry

Note: According to APA, n.d. is used instead of a date of publication as the date is difficult to determine. Include the date you viewed the website as the content is likely to change over time.

Wikipedia may not be considered an acceptable source for a college or university assignment. Be sure to evaluate the content carefully and check your assignment.

Example

Veterinary medicine. (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved March 18, 2013, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Veterinary_medicine

In-Text Paraphrase

("Title of entry," n.d.)

Example: ("Veterinary Medicine," n.d.)

In-Text Quote

("Title of entry," n.d., Section Name section, para. Paragraph Number)

Example: ("Veterinary Medicine," n.d., Paraveterinary Workers section, para. 1)

Note: If a dictionary or encyclopedia entry has no author, the in-text citation should include the title of the entry. The title of the entry should be in quotation marks, with each word starting with a capital letter.

When there are no visible page numbers or paragraph numbers, you may cite the section heading and the number of the paragraph in that section to identify where your quote came from.

Website Created by a Corporation, Institution or Group - No Separate Pages or Sections

Corporation/Group/Organization Name. (Year website was last updated/published, Month Day if given). Title of website. Retrieved Month Day,Year site was last viewed (if content is likely to change over time), from URL

Example

Jam Jar. (n.d.). Jam Jar Commercial. Retrieved February 22, 2018, from http://www.jam-jar.ca/commercial

Note: As this content is likely to change over time, the date the website was viewed was included in the retrieval information.

In-Text Paraphrase

(Corporation/Group Name, Year)

Example: (Jam Jar, n.d.)

Note: Since this website does not include any publication date, the date information is written as n.d. (no date).

In-Text Quote

(Corporation/Group Name, Year, Section Name section, para. Paragraph Number if more than one paragraph in section)

Example: (Jam Jar, n.d., Our Story section)

Note: When there are no visible page numbers or paragraph numbers, you may cite the section heading and the number of the paragraph in that section to identify where your quote came from. In this example there is only one paragraph under the specific heading, so no paragraph number is needed.

Entire Website Created by Individual Author

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial if Given. (Year website was updated/published, Month Day if given). Title of website. Retrieved Month Day, Year site was last viewed (if content likely to change over time), from URL

Example

Mabillard, A. (2011, December 29). Shakespeare online. Retrieved June 19, 2012, from http://www.shakespeare-online.com/

Note: As this content is likely to change over time, the date the website was viewed was included in the retrieval information. 

In-Text Paraphrase

(Author's Last Name, Year)

Example: (Mabillard, 2001)

In-Text Quote

(Author's Last Name, Year, Section Name section, para. Paragraph Number if more than one paragraph in section)

Example: (Mabillard, 2001, Elizabethan Fashion Faux Pas section)

Note: When there are no visible page numbers or paragraph numbers, you may cite the section heading and the number of the paragraph in that section to identify where your quote came from. In this example there is only one paragraph under the specific heading, so no paragraph number is needed.

In-Text Citation For Two or More Authors/Editors

Number of Authors/Editors First Time Paraphrased Second and Subsequent Times Paraphrased First Time Quoting Second and Subsequent Times Quoting
Two

(Case & Daristotle, 2011)

(Case & Daristotle, 2011)

(Case & Daristotle, 2011, p. 57) (Case & Daristotle, 2011, p. 57)
Three to Five (Case, Daristotle, Hayek, Smith, & Raash, 2011) (Case et al., 2011) (Case, Daristotle, Hayekm, Smith, & Raash, 2011, p. 57) (Case et al., 2011, p. 57)
Six or More

(Case et al., 2011)

(Case et al., 2011) (Case et al., 2011, p. 57) (Case et al., 2011, p. 57)